-- in His own image --

    Call Him Adam, call Him Zeke - Early Man lived in fear.
    He left His ancestors and near-relatives, the other bipedal primates, in the rainforests of equatorial Africa, and struck out - for better or worse - for the grassy plains of the African veldt.
    We can only speculate as to why this choice was made - food shortage; increased competition from other primates; evolutionary changes, from eons having spent on the ground (much like the modern Mountain Gorilla) had made His feet incapable of grasping branches; or possibly something as simple as innate curiosity. Whatever the reason, the choice was made. Man freely left His Garden of Eden, went forth and multiplied, and in a few million years, managed to inhabit the globe, a globe that Early Man could not even imagine existed.
    But He took with Him, His fear.
    During His millions of years in the African rainforest, He had seen lightening streak across the sky, watched it strike, setting fire to trees and grass. He had heard thunder rumble ominously across the sky. Rain, sleet and snow also came from the sky, where hung the moon, the sun, stars and rainbows - the sky seemed to hold a source of great power. Is there any wonder that Man imagined a powerful being, living in the sky, causing all these natural events, for which He, with His as-yet-limited knowledge, could not envision occurring any other way?
    However difficult life in the rainforest may have been, life on the African grasslands held even greater challenges. There, Man was both predator and prey, with neither the strength of His own predators, nor the agility of His prey. If there were a powerful being, living in the sky, making such incredulous events happen, that Man had witnessed but could not explain, surely such a being so powerful could protect Him, keep Him safe from harm and help Him be successful in the hunt for food for His family and His tribe.
    Thus, wishes evolved into prayers.
    Successes were retold around campfires, while failure meant that He who failed was somehow unworthy.
    Ever so slowly, a culture arose that looked to the sky for succor. To put a familiar face on the entity believed responsible for all that happened in the microcosm that was the world of Early Man, He envisioned for Himself a likeness of how He believed such an entity must look.
    In doing so, Man created god -- in His own image --

pax vobiscum,



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  • 5/24/2012 9:30 PM fizzbinn wrote:
    Read 5/24/12
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  • 3/26/2013 1:13 AM Suzanne Olson-Hyde wrote:
    Your blog is brilliant. The video is brilliant. I knew something was wrong with religion when I was to kneel before a Bishop, and kiss his gold ring, Nup, that was the last time I would be subservient to anybody. Also, groups and tribes. Religions of all persuasions, are tribal. There is always a hierarchy, even down to any sport, and they all fight to get to the top of the tree, or Vatican.
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  • 4/12/2013 3:07 PM Mike Lawrence wrote:
    Primitive humans of the earliest civilisations did not understand the natural causes of anything. Out of this ignorance religion was born; then came theology, which is essentially the art of verbally expressing the ignorance of religion {adapted slightly from Draper}.


    Actively campaigning against the religious indoctrination of children.
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  • 4/12/2013 5:01 PM archaeopteryx wrote:
    RE: "Actively campaigning against the religious indoctrination of children." - as, I would hope, are we all --

    pax vobiscum,

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  • 7/30/2013 4:32 AM Ishaiya wrote:
    Great little video, made me laugh a lot...
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  • 7/30/2013 5:01 AM archaeopteryx wrote:
    Glad you could drop by! We also hold some often heated discussions at www.thinkatheist.com - love to see you over there --

    Reply to this
  • 8/28/2013 11:30 AM John wrote:
    Really enjoy your work. Thoughtful, well done. Tell me/us please, will there be more, on Genesis and the rest of the mythology? Thanks again.
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  • 8/28/2013 1:24 PM archaeopteryx wrote:
    Yes, there will, John - I intend examining both the entire Old and New Testaments, but I've taken a bit of a hiatus this summer. I expect to be back at work on it shortly. Thanks for your interest.
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  • 9/9/2013 8:32 AM Bongani Muthwa wrote:
    Thank god I am an atheist.
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  • 1/11/2014 2:44 AM makagutu wrote:
    Brilliant, very brilliant. While reading this it occurred to me that many of the things that could have scared the hell out of our early ancestors were from above; rains, thunder, even the sun no wonder man has always looked to the sky for gods
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  • 1/11/2014 8:23 AM archaeopteryx wrote:
    EXACTLY! Just as subterranean devils, with their fire, were inspired by volcanoes.

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  • 3/8/2014 1:03 PM Victoria NeuroNotes wrote:
    "He envisioned for Himself a likeness of how He believed such an entity must look. In doing so, Man created god -- in His own image --

    Spot on. You may find this article interesting.

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  • 3/8/2014 1:15 PM archaeopteryx wrote:
    I shall certainly check it out! Thank ya, thank ya vera much --

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  • 4/2/2014 2:45 AM Gunner wrote:
    This very much sends out a strong signal that we have with in us each of us - the element of Godness; it is all about how we use it to benefit us. It is who we are that define what we do in life. Good job!
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  • 4/2/2014 8:59 AM archaeopteryx wrote:
    I'd be more inclined to say, Gunner, that gods - any gods - each have an element of each of us in them.

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  • 4/5/2014 10:13 AM Nikki wrote:
    Here is a believers take. After studying the Bible in prayer going on 5 yrs I share my knowledge with the world.

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  • 4/5/2014 10:20 AM archaeopteryx wrote:
    Well, at least here, Nikki, you don't have to worry about anyone moderating or deleting your comments - you just feel free to proselytize to your little pea-pickin' heart's content!

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  • 4/9/2014 6:46 AM Kuba wrote:
    I am currently writing an article for my blog 'Knowledge Guild' called "What If Christianity Had Defeated Reason?"

    The main question is: "What if the Christian organised religion had successfully blocked all scientific progress and philosophical development of reason for the past 2000 years?"

    e.g. We would still think the earth was located at the centre of the solar system, despite what brilliant astronomers like Nicolaus Copernicus argued. Et cetera.

    Do you happen to have any more examples I could use? I would welcome all suggestions.
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  • 4/9/2014 11:12 AM archaeopteryx wrote:
    As you may have noted, Kuba, I am examining the Bible in chronological order - not as it was written of course, as that is a hodge-podge, but as it was presented in its unified form, and clearly, I have gotten nowhere near the Christian era yet, but I DO have some information in my files that may be of benefit to you.

    First, in my "2 Genesis, Chapter 39 - hell hath no fury --" about midway down on the page, in the section, "HISTORY OF THE BIBLE - PART 3," I illustrate the grip that the Church had on the citizens of the world it controlled, even to the extent of executing parents for teaching their children the "Lord's Prayer" in English, rather than Latin.

    I can offer you this, from
    Wikipedia (sources are available at the end of the Wiki article):

    " The Galileo affair was a sequence of events, beginning around 1610, during which Galileo Galilei came into conflict with the Catholic Church over his support of Copernican astronomy.

    In 1610, Galileo published his Sidereus Nuncius (Starry Messenger), describing the surprising observations that he had made with the new telescope, namely the phases of Venus and the Galilean moons of Jupiter. With these observations he promoted the heliocentric theory of Nicolaus Copernicus (published in De revolutionibus orbium coelestium in 1543). Galileo's initial discoveries were met with opposition within the Catholic Church, and in 1616 the Inquisition declared heliocentrism to be formally heretical. Heliocentric books were banned and Galileo was ordered to refrain from holding, teaching or defending heliocentric ideas.

    Galileo went on to propose a theory of tides in 1616, and of comets in 1619; he argued that the tides were evidence for the motion of the Earth. In 1632 Galileo, now an old man, published his Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems, which implicitly defended heliocentrism, and was immensely popular. Responding to mounting controversy over theology, astronomy and philosophy, the Roman Inquisition tried Galileo in 1633 and found him "gravely suspect of heresy", sentencing him to indefinite imprisonment. Galileo was kept under house arrest for the rest of his life."

    From the same source:

    "Following the Inquisition's injunction against Galileo, the papal Master of the Sacred Palace ordered that Foscarini's Letter be banned, and Copernicus' De revolutionibus suspended until corrected. The papal Congregation of the Index preferred a stricter prohibition, and so with the Pope's approval, on March 5 the Congregation banned all books advocating the Copernican system, which it called "the false Pythagorean doctrine, altogether contrary to Holy Scripture."

    Francesco Ingoli, a consultor to the Holy Office, recommended that De revolutionibus be amended rather than banned due to its utility for calendrics. In 1618 the Congregation of the Index accepted his recommendation, and published their decision two years later, allowing a corrected version of Copernicus' book to be used. The uncorrected De revolutionibus remained on the Index of banned books until 1758."

    And finally (same source):

    "In 1758 the Catholic Church dropped the general prohibition of books advocating heliocentrism from the Index of Forbidden Books. It did not, however, explicitly rescind the decisions issued by the Inquisition in its judgement of 1633 against Galileo, or lift the prohibition of uncensored versions of Copernicus's De Revolutionibus or Galileo's Dialogue. The issue finally came to a head in 1820 when the Master of the Sacred Palace (the Church's chief censor), Filippo Anfossi, refused to license a book by a Catholic canon, Giuseppe Settele, because it openly treated heliocentrism as a physical fact. Settele appealed to the then pope, Pius VII. After the matter had been reconsidered by the Congregation of the Index and the Holy Office, Anfossi's decision was overturned. Copernicus' De Revolutionibus and Galileo's Dialogue were then subsequently omitted from the next edition of the Index when it appeared in 1835.

    On February 15, 1990, in a speech delivered at La Sapienza University in Rome, Cardinal Ratzinger, the future Pope Benedict XVI, cited some current views on the Galileo affair as forming what he called "a symptomatic case that illustrates the extent to which modernity’s doubts about itself have grown today in science and technology." As evidence, he presented the views of a few prominent philosophers including Ernst Bloch and Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker, as well as Paul Feyerabend, whom he quoted as saying:

    The Church at the time of Galileo kept much more closely to reason than did Galileo himself, and she took into consideration the ethical and social consequences of Galileo's teaching too. Her verdict against Galileo was rational and just, and the revision of this verdict can be justified only on the grounds of what is politically opportune.

    Ratzinger did not directly say whether he agreed or disagreed with Feyerabend's assertions, but did say in this same context that "It would be foolish to construct an impulsive apologetic on the basis of such views."

    In 1992, it was reported in the news that the Catholic Church had turned around towards vindicating Galileo."

    A couple of other sources you may find useful are:

    The Flat-Earth Bible
    I found this to be extremely informative, in terms of actual book, chapter, and verse names and numbers.

    Capella's Guide to Atheism
    The Bible’s flat earth/solid sky dome universe

    and, same site:

    Did the Biblical Authors Know that the Earth is a Sphere?

    (Prov 8:26-27 NRSV) when he had not yet made earth and fields, or the world’s first bits of soil. When he established the heavens, I was there, when he drew a circle on the face of the deep, …

    (Isa 40:22 NRSV) It is he who sits above the circle of the earth, and its inhabitants are like grasshoppers;

    Below are listed some examples of ancient cosmologies prevalent 2,000-5,000 years ago:

    Ancient Sumerian hymns and myths provide a picture of the universe's (anki) creation. The Sumerians believed that a primeval sea (abzu) existed before anything else and that the heaven (an) and the earth (ki) were formed within it. The boundary between the primeval sea and the earth (a flat disk) was a solid vault, within which was the gas-like atmosphere (lil). The stars, planets, sun, and moon were embedded in this solid vault. Each of the four major Sumerian deities was associated with one of these regions; An (god of heaven), Ki (goddess of earth, also known as Ninhursag, Ninmah, or Nintu), Enlil (literally, En: lord, lil: air, or Air-Lord, son of An and Ki), and Enki (god of the primeval sea). According to their myths, An and Ki were the progenitors of most of the gods.

    The Greek philosopher Anaximenes described the heavens as like a felt cap that turned on its head, with the stars fixed to this surface like nails.

    Some of the Jews also endorsed solid dome cosmology, For example, Josephus, the Jewish first century Jewish historian, believed that the earth was surrounded by a crystalline firmament:

    "After this, on the second day, he placed the heaven over the whole world, and separated it from the other parts, and he determined it should stand by itself. He also placed a crystalline [firmament] round it, and put it together in a manner agreeable to the earth, and fitted it for giving moisture and rain, and for affording the advantage of dews."

    A portion of the Jewish Talmud indicates that the Sun traveled under the firmament by day and above the firmament by night:

    "The learned of Israel say, 'The sphere stands firm, and the planets revolve'; the learned of the nations say, 'The sphere moves, and the planets stand firm.' The learned of Israel say, 'The sun moves by day beneath the firmament, and by night above the firmament'; the learned of the nations say, 'The sun moves by day beneath the firmament, and by night beneath the earth.'"

    Early Christians
    Theophilus of Antioch, a second century Christian wrote that heaven was a dome-like covering:

    "For the Spirit being one, and holding the place of light, was between the water and the heaven, in order that the darkness might not in any way communicate with the heaven, which was nearer God, before God said, 'Let there be light.' The heaven, therefore, being like a dome-shaped covering, comprehended matter which was like a clod."

    Here is what the book of Enoch (an apocryphal, non-biblical ancient text) says about ancient cosmology:

    "And from thence I went to the ends of the earth and saw there great beasts, and each differed from the other; and (I saw) birds also differing in appearance and beauty and voice, the one differing from the other. And to the east of those beasts I saw the ends of the earth whereon the heaven rests, and the portals of the heaven open. And I saw how the stars of heaven come forth, and I counted the portals out of which they proceed, and wrote down all their outlets, of each individual star by itself, according to their number and their names, their courses and their positions, and their times and their months, as Uriel the holy angel who was with me showed me."

    I realize, Kuba, that this isn't exactly what you need, but some of it may be useful in fleshing out your article.

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